Most of the Chinese surnames have been handed down from generation to generation thousands of years ago. After the surnames are produced, they are passed down from generation to generation and generally do not change. They are relatively stable.According to statistics, there are more than 5,600 surnames in the literature and existing surnames. There are about 1,000 practical applications, and the most common ones are about 100. Most of the surnames are one word, and a small number of surnames are composed of two characters. This kind of surname is called compound surname, and the number of users is small. There are 81 surnames in existence, and there is no essentially difference between compound surname and single surname.
The surname is a concrete manifestation of Chinese traditional clan culture. A surname represents a clan, and the surname is also a symbol of the family.The ten most surnames are: 张(Zhang), 王(Wang), 李(Li), 赵(Zhao), 陈(Chen), 杨(Yang), 吴(Wu), 刘(Liu), 黄(Huang), 周(Zhou). The population of these ten surnames accounts for 40% of the Chinese population, about 500 million people.The second largest ten names are: 徐(Xu), 朱(Zhu), 林(Lin), 孙(Sun), 马(Ma), 高(Gao), 胡(Hu), 郑(Zheng), 郭(Guo), 萧(Xiao). Account for more than 10% of the Chinese population.The third ten largest surnames are: 谢(Xie), 何(He), 徐(Xu), 宋(Song), 沈(Shen), 罗(Luo),韩(Han), 邓(Deng), 梁(Liang), 叶(Ye). 10% of the Chinese population.The next 15 major surnames are: 方(Fang), 崔(Cui), 程(Cheng), 潘(Pan), 曹(Cao), 冯(Feng), 汪(Wang), 蔡(Cai), 袁(Yuan), 卢(Lu), 唐(Tang), 秦(Qian), 杜(Du), 彭(Peng), 陆(Lu), which together account for 10% of the total population.